Retinal dialysis

Arch Ophthalmol. 1980 Nov;98(11):1971-4. doi: 10.1001/archopht.1980.01020040823005.


Analysis of 196 patients with retinal dialysis indicated that unilateral nasal and superior dialyses almost invariably were produced by trauma (87.5%). A traumatic cause is proposed for unilateral inferotemporal dialyses, which also had an inordinately high rate of trauma (56%). Bilateral retinal dialyses, making up 14% of all cases, had a much lower incidence of trauma. A nongenetic, developmental anomaly at the ora serrata may account for some bilateral cases. In all types of dialyses, women acknowledged trauma less frequently than men, which probably reflects a sociologic tendency for women to deny physical abuse. Twelve percent of dialysis patients had ocular hypertension exceeding 22 mm Hg and 16% had angle recessions. Successful detachment surgery normalized the intraocular pressure in most cases without additional filtering surgery or medications.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Eye Injuries / complications*
  • Eye Injuries / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retina / injuries*
  • Retinal Detachment / diagnosis
  • Retinal Detachment / etiology
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnosis
  • Retinal Diseases / etiology*
  • Sex Factors
  • Time Factors