In vivo lung lavage as an experimental model of the respiratory distress syndrome

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1980 Jun;24(3):231-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-6576.1980.tb01541.x.


Using adult guinea-pigs, we have developed an experimental model in which alveolar surfactant phospholipids are removed by repeated lung lavage in vivo, and in which the short-term survival of the animals is ensured by artificial ventilation. Blood gases, parameters of lung mechanics, and histologic and electron microscopic findings indicate that the lavage procedure induces a condition similar to the adult respiratory distress syndrome. We propose that our technique might be used for evaluation of pharmacological agents and various forms of artificial ventilation which have been suggested for treatment of this disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Gas Analysis
  • Carbon Monoxide / metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal*
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Lung / ultrastructure
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / pathology*
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Therapeutic Irrigation* / methods
  • Time Factors


  • Carbon Monoxide