Physical activity, physical fitness and cardiovascular diseases: design of a prospective epidemiologic study

Cardiology. 1981;67(1):38-51. doi: 10.1159/000173227.


From November 1976 to September 1978, a total of 3,179 active men, 40-55 years old, were screened for established or possible risk factors. Standard questionnaires were administered to assess psycho-social behavior and physical activity on and off the job. Physical fitness was determined by means of a graded sub-maximal exercise test. Information on coronary heart disease incidence will be collected over a 6-year period. The main objective of the study is to establish prospectively if physical activity and/or physical capacity are independent risk factors. Intercorrelations between fitness, physical activity and other measured variables will bae analyzed. Doppler ultrasound and 24-hour ECG recording for detecting peripheral vascular disease and rhythm disturbances have also been used; their value and role in screening for cardiovascular disease is further discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Coronary Disease / diagnosis*
  • Coronary Disease / epidemiology
  • Electrocardiography
  • Heart Function Tests
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Physical Fitness*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk
  • Ultrasonography