Congenitally bicuspid aortic valve causing severe, pure aortic regurgitation without superimposed infective endocarditis. Analysis of 13 patients requiring aortic valve replacement

Am J Cardiol. 1981 Feb;47(2):206-9. doi: 10.1016/0002-9149(81)90385-4.


Although stenosis and infective endocarditis are commonly appreciated complications of the congenitally bicuspid aortic valve, pure severe aortic regurgitation complicating this congenital malformation, unassociated with either stenosis or infection, is not well recognized. Among 189 patients who had aortic valve replacement at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute because of isolated pure aortic regurgitation, the congenitally bicuspid aortic valve, never the site of infective endocarditis, was responsible for the aortic regurgitation in 13 (7 percent). This report describes certain clinical and morphologic findings in 13 men, aged 26 to 65 years (mean 43), who required aortic valve replacement because of severe aortic regurgitation secondary to a noninfected, nonstenotic congenitally bicuspid aortic valve. Although not generally recognized, the noninfected congenitally bicuspid aortic valve is an important cause of pure aortic regurgitation severe enough to warrant aortic valve replacement.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aortic Valve / abnormalities*
  • Aortic Valve / pathology
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / complications
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / etiology*
  • Endocarditis, Bacterial / complications
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged