Vestibular integrators in the oculomotor system

Neurosci Res. 1995 Jun;22(3):249-58. doi: 10.1016/0168-0102(95)00904-8.


The interstitial nucleus of Cajal (INC) and the nucleus prepositus hypoglossi (nph) are key elements in the vertical and horizontal oculomotor neural integrators, respectively. In this article, we attempt to develop possible circuits for these vestibular integrators by synthesizing recent information on the properties and connections of neurons involved in the integration process. We also examine how the cerebellar flocculus could play a role in the vertical integrator and vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) as well as in the modulation and plasticity of the VOR. We suggest that the circuitry for the vertical integrator involves the cerebellar flocculus in addition to the already proposed circuits distributed between the INC and the vestibular nuclei. The horizontal vestibular integrator is also distributed and seems to be characterized by functional compartmentalization. Both integrators play a wider role than simply transforming velocity-coded signals into position commands and may be pivotal in the short- and long-term modulation of the various oculomotor subsystems.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cats
  • Eye Movements / physiology
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Models, Neurological
  • Neural Pathways / physiology
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Oculomotor Nerve / physiology*
  • Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular / physiology*