Ca2+ influx induced by store release and cytosolic Ca2+ chelation in Ht29 colonic carcinoma cells

Pflugers Arch. 1995 Sep;430(5):653-65. doi: 10.1007/BF00386159.


Cl- secretion in HT29 cells is regulated by agonists such as carbachol, neurotensin and adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP). These agonists induce Ca2+ store release as well as Ca2+ influx from the extracellular space. The increase in cytosolic Ca2+ enhances the Cl- and K+ conductances of these cells. Removal of extracellular Ca2+ strongly attenuates the secretory response to the above-mentioned agonists. The present study utilises patch-clamp methods to characterise the Ca2+ influx pathway. Inhibitors which have been shown previously to inhibit non-selective cation channels, such as flufenamate (0.1 mmol.l-1, n = 6) and Gd3+ (10 micromol.l-1, n=6) inhibited ATP (0.1 mmol.l-1) induced increases in whole-cell conductance (Gm). When Cl- and K+ currents were inhibited by the presence of Cs2SO4 in the patch pipette and gluconate in the bath, ATP (0.1 mmol.l-1) still induced a significant increase in Gm from 1.2 +/- 0.3 nS to 4.7 +/- 1 nS (n = 24). This suggests that ATP induces a cation influx with a conductance of approximately 3-4 nS. This cation influx was inhibited by flufenamate (0.1 mmol.l-1, n = 6) and Gd3+ (10 micromol.l-1, n = 9). When Ba2+ (5 mmol.l-1) and 4,4'-diisothiocyanato-stilbene-2-2'-disulphonic acid (DIDS, 0.1 mmol.l-1) were added to the KCl/K-gluconate pipette solution to inhibit K+ and Cl- currents and the cells were clamped to depolarised voltages, ATP (0.1 mmol.l-1) reduced the membrane current (Im) significantly from 86 +/- 14 pA to 54 +/- 11 pA (n = 13), unmasking a cation inward current. In another series, the cation inward current was activated by dialysing the cell with a KCl/K-gluconate solution containing 5-10 mmol.l-1 1,2-bis-(2-aminoethoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA) or 1,2-bis-(2-aminophenoxy) ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA). The zero-current membrane voltage (Vm) and Im (at a clamp voltage of +10 mV) were monitored as a function of time. A new steady-state was reached 30-120 s after membrane rupture. Vm depolarised significantly from -33 +/- 2 mV to -12 +/- 1 mV, and Im fell significantly from 17 +/- 2 pA to 8.9 +/- 1.0 pA (n = 71). This negative current, representing a cation inward current, was activated when Ca2+ stores were emptied and was reduced significantly ( Im) when Ca2+ and/or Na+ were removed from the bathing solution: removal of Ca2+ in the absence of Na+ caused a Im of 5.0 +/- 1.2 pA (n = 12); removal of Na+ in the absence of Ca2+ caused a Im of 12.8 +/- 3.5 pA (n = 4). The cation inward current was also reduced significantly by La3+, Gd3+, and flufenamate. We conclude that store depletion induces a Ca2+/Na+ influx current in these cells. With 145 mmol.l-1 Na+ and 1 mmol.l-1 Ca2+, both ions contribute to this cation inward current. This current is an important component in the agonist-regulated secretory response.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / pharmacology
  • Chelating Agents / pharmacology*
  • Chloride Channels / drug effects
  • Chloride Channels / metabolism
  • Cytosol / drug effects
  • Cytosol / metabolism*
  • HT29 Cells
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Potassium Channels / drug effects
  • Potassium Channels / metabolism
  • Sodium / metabolism


  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Chelating Agents
  • Chloride Channels
  • Potassium Channels
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Sodium
  • Calcium