Inhibition by beraprost sodium of thrombin-induced increase in endothelial macromolecular permeability

Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 1995 Aug;53(2):103-8. doi: 10.1016/0952-3278(95)90136-1.


Effect of beraprost sodium (BPS), a long-acting and orally active stable analogue of PGI2, on the macromolecular permeability of cultured vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC) was detected by the transport of FITC-albumin. Thrombin treatment resulted in induction of FITC-albumin transport across the endothelial cell monolayer. The albumin transport induced by thrombin was not accompanied by any damage to the cells. BPS had no effect on the permeability of resting endothelial monolayers, while BPS inhibited the thrombin-induced increase in the albumin permeability in a dose-dependent manner (30-1000 nM). Treatment of the cells with PGI2 or dibutyryl cAMP caused a significant inhibition of the thrombin-induced increase in the albumin permeability. These results strongly suggested that BPS suppressed the thrombin-induced macromolecular permeability in HUVEC through the elevation of its intracellular cAMP, and that BPS was a suppressor against inflammatory vascular changes such as exudation.

MeSH terms

  • Biological Transport / drug effects
  • Bucladesine / pharmacology
  • Cell Membrane Permeability / drug effects*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromium Radioisotopes / metabolism
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Endothelium, Vascular / drug effects*
  • Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism
  • Epoprostenol / analogs & derivatives*
  • Epoprostenol / pharmacology
  • Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate / analogs & derivatives
  • Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine / metabolism
  • Thrombin / pharmacology*
  • Umbilical Veins


  • Chromium Radioisotopes
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
  • fluorescein isothiocyanate bovine serum albumin
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine
  • beraprost
  • Bucladesine
  • Epoprostenol
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Thrombin
  • Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate