Rate of binding of various inhibitors at the dopamine transporter in vivo

Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1995 Jun;119(4):376-84. doi: 10.1007/BF02245852.


The rate of entry of drugs into brain is thought to be a factor in their abuse liability. In this investigation, we have examined the rate of entry and binding at dopamine transporters in mouse striatum for a variety of dopamine transporter inhibitors. The method utilized was based on measuring the displacement of 3H-WIN 35,428 from striatal dopamine transporter sites in vivo at different times. Eleven cocaine analogs (RTI-31, RTI-32, RTI-51, RTI-55, RTI-113, RTI-114, RTI-117, RTI-120, RTI-121, WIN 35,065-2, and WIN 35,428) as well as other dopamine uptake site blockers (bupropion, nomifensine, and methylphenidate) were compared with (-) cocaine for their rates of displacement of 3H-WIN 35,428 binding in vivo. The drugs that displayed the fastest occupancy rates were bupropion, (-) cocaine, nomifensine, and methylphenidate. RTI-51, RTI-121, RTI-114, RTI-117, RTI-120, RTI-32, RTI-55, and RTI-113, showed intermediate rates, whereas RTI-31, WIN 35,065-2, and WIN 35,428 exhibited the slowest rates of displacement. While many of the cocaine analogs have proven to be behaviorally and pharmacologically more potent than (-) cocaine, their rates of entry and binding site occupancy were slower than that for (-) cocaine. Earliest times of transporter occupancy by the different drugs were correlated (although weakly) with their degree of lipophilicity (r = 0.59; P < 0.02). Kinetic effects and metabolism of the compounds could complicate the interpretations of these data.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Binding, Competitive / drug effects*
  • Bupropion / pharmacology
  • Carrier Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Cocaine / analogs & derivatives
  • Cocaine / metabolism
  • Cocaine / pharmacology
  • Corpus Striatum / drug effects*
  • Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Membrane Glycoproteins*
  • Membrane Transport Proteins*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins*
  • Time Factors


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Dopamine Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Bupropion
  • RTI 121
  • (1R-(exo,exo))-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-8-methyl-8- azabicyclo(3.2.1)octane-2-carboxylic acid, methyl ester
  • Cocaine