Matching versus cultural competence in research: methodological considerations

Res Nurs Health. 1995 Dec;18(6):557-67. doi: 10.1002/nur.4770180611.


Researcher/participant matching has been used in nursing research as a strategy for the development of culturally competent knowledge. In this manuscript, the complexities inherent in matching in nursing research are discussed. In raising and discussing issues and questions related to matching, we argue that although matching may be one of the strategies used to generate culturally competent knowledge, it is frequently too complex for operationalization. Therefore, we propose that researchers reflect on questions related to their knowledge of culture, their cultural sensitivity, and the nature of collaboration during every phase of the research. Reflecting on and responding to these questions in every research project may facilitate the development of more culturally competent knowledge.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cultural Diversity*
  • Ethnicity
  • Humans
  • Nursing Research / methods*
  • Patient Selection*
  • Professional Competence
  • Research Design
  • Research Personnel*
  • Workforce