Two years experience with recombinant human DNase I in the treatment of pulmonary disease in cystic fibrosis

Respir Med. 1995 Aug;89(7):499-502. doi: 10.1016/0954-6111(95)90126-4.


Recombinant human DNase I (rhDNase) has been shown to improve pulmonary function in patients treated for up to 6 months. A cohort of 52 cystic fibrosis patients with a FVC > 40% predicted were enrolled into an open label study in order to evaluate longer-term effects of rhDNase. They received 2.5 mg rhDNase twice daily for 6 months followed by a 2-week wash-out period, and for the subsequent 18 months were treated with rhDNase once daily. Twenty-six male and 26 female patients with a mean FVC of 2.941 and FEV1 of 1.471 were recruited. Thirteen patients did not complete the study; there were seven deaths, three patients withdrew consent and three patients were lost to follow-up. Improvement in pulmonary function was seen following treatment and changes were evaluated as mean percent change from baseline. The maximum improvement occurred in the first month followed by a plateau at a lower level of improvement. The mean improvement in FEV1 over the first month was 13.3% (range 12-14.1%), followed by a plateau at around 7.1% (range 4.6-11.0%) for the subsequent 23 months. Mean FVC was improved by 12.03% (range 9.0-14.3%) over the first month and subsequently 4.2% (range - 2.2-10.2%). The effects on pulmonary function were similar for both treatment doses of rhDNase. There was also a steady improvement in weight from a mean of 54.2 kg to 55.7 kg at the end of the study.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cystic Fibrosis / drug therapy*
  • Cystic Fibrosis / physiopathology
  • Deoxyribonuclease I / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Forced Expiratory Volume
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Recombinant Proteins / therapeutic use*
  • Vital Capacity
  • Weight Gain


  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Deoxyribonuclease I