Physiological and perceived exertion responses to six modes of submaximal exercise

Res Q Exerc Sport. 1995 Sep;66(3):239-46. doi: 10.1080/02701367.1995.10608838.


In order to compare the cardiovascular and perceived exertion responses to 6 modes of exercise, 10 male recreational exercisers were habituated to treadmill jogging, stationary skiing, shuffle skiing, stepping, stationary cycling, and stationary rowing. After following a specific dietary preparation, each participant performed a 20-min exercise bout at a constant 14-rating of perceived exertion (RPE) followed by a second exercise bout at 60% of mode-specific peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak). On the 14-RPE trial, oxygen consumption (VO2) and oxygen pulse were significantly higher during jogging than during other exercise modes, and oxygen pulse was higher during skiing than during shuffle skiing. On the 60% VO2peak bout, oxygen pulse was significantly higher during jogging than during shuffle skiing, cycling and rowing. Ratings of perceived exertion were significantly higher during cycling than during jogging. These results indicated that a variety of exercise modes can be used to develop fitness, but jogging may induce a slightly more favorable VO2-to-RPE relationship.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bicycling / physiology
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Jogging / physiology
  • Male
  • Oxygen Consumption*
  • Skiing / physiology