Occupational risk of infection with human immunodeficiency virus

Surg Clin North Am. 1995 Dec;75(6):1057-70. doi: 10.1016/s0039-6109(16)46781-2.


The risk of HIV infection in surgical settings is a composite of overlapping risks related to the local prevalence of HIV, the route of exposure to HIV-infected blood, and the susceptibility of the worker. Studies continue to suggest that the risk of blood contact, including percutaneous injuries, remains appreciable. Prevention of such exposures in the operating and delivery room by adoption of safer instruments, work practices, and techniques and by the consistent use of appropriate personnel protective equipment must be viewed as a priority.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / transmission
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • HIV Infections / transmission
  • HIV Seroprevalence
  • HIV-1*
  • Health Personnel
  • Humans
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Occupational Diseases / etiology
  • Risk Factors
  • United States / epidemiology