Identification and cloning of human P2U purinoceptor present in osteoclastoma, bone, and osteoblasts

J Bone Miner Res. 1995 Jul;10(7):1137-45. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.5650100720.


Extracellular ATP acting through purinoceptors may be an important factor in the modulation of bone turnover. In this study we cloned and sequenced the P2U purinoceptor from osteoclastoma, confirming the recently published human sequence. Furthermore, by the reverse transcriptase-linked polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Southern blotting we demonstrated expression of P2U receptor mRNA in bone, primary cultures of human bone-derived cells, and two osteosarcoma cell lines, Saos2 and Te85. P2U receptor transcripts were identified in alkaline phosphatase-positive human bone-derived cells isolated by flow cytometry providing strong evidence for the expression of the P2U purinoceptor in mature osteoblasts. P2U receptor transcripts were also detected in a purified giant cell population isolated from osteoclastoma, indicating that this receptor is also expressed by osteoclasts. These data suggest that purinergic agonists may play a role in the regulation of bone metabolism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Southern
  • Bone Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Bone Neoplasms / pathology
  • Bone and Bones / metabolism*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / biosynthesis
  • DNA, Complementary / chemistry
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Giant Cell Tumor of Bone / metabolism*
  • Giant Cell Tumor of Bone / pathology
  • Giant Cells / metabolism
  • Giant Cells / pathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Osteoblasts / metabolism*
  • Osteoclasts / metabolism
  • Osteoclasts / pathology
  • Osteosarcoma / pathology
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2 / genetics*
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2 / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • DNA, Complementary
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2
  • Alkaline Phosphatase