Response of Hemopoiesis in Dogs to Continuous Low Dose Rate Total Body Irradiation

Stem Cells. 1995 May;13 Suppl 1:261-7. doi: 10.1002/stem.5530130732.

Abstract

Among the cytotoxic agents which particularly cause damage to cell renewal systems, ionizing radiation is one of the most effective ones since it leads to inactivation of all types of proliferating cells including resting stem cells. It is the aim of this paper to present the effects of continuous low dose rate total body irradiation (TBI) on hemopoiesis in dogs. The animals were exposed to gamma-rays from a 60-Co source, receiving a daily radiation dose of 0.0188 Gy for indefinite times. Sequential hematological studies performed included determinations of peripheral blood cell counts and of total cell numbers in standardized bone marrow samples, assessments of progenitor cells GM-CFC in the blood and bone marrow, and of colony-stimulating activity (CSA) in the serum. The lymphocytes, the thrombocytes and neutrophilic granulocytes uniformly showed early decreases within the first 200 to 500 days corresponding to cumulative radiation doses in the range up to 3.8 to 9 Gy, but remained stable at subnormal levels in the period up to 1,700 days of exposure. The GM-CFC numbers in bone marrow samples from the rib clearly showed a strong decrease within the first 150 days of exposure preceding the changes in the blood granulocyte concentration. A transient partial recovery of the GM-CFC was observed at later times between 700 and 1,200 days of exposure, followed by another decrease to extremely low values at cumulative doses in the range of 32 Gy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Cell Count
  • Colony-Forming Units Assay
  • Dogs
  • Granulocytes / radiation effects
  • Hematopoiesis / radiation effects*
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / radiation effects
  • Macrophages / radiation effects
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Time Factors
  • Whole-Body Irradiation