[Body proportions of Danish children. Curves for sitting height ratio, subischial length and arm span]

Ugeskr Laeger. 1995 Dec 4;157(49):6876-81.
[Article in Danish]


No previous Danish growth charts have been published for sitting height, subischial leg length, armspan or the ratio of sitting height to stature. These growth charts are useful in the evaluation of dysproportional growth retardation. Foreign standards have previously been used. However, due to population-specific differences and "the secular trend", the construction of Danish growth charts was found to be appropriate. We examined 1977 children (927 boys and 1050 girls) from the Copenhagen area, aged six to 20 years. Height, sitting height and armspan were measured. Growth charts were constructed using local linear regression and smoothing of residuals. We found sitting height values in Danish children to be comparable to English and Norwegian children. Sitting height values were lower than values of Dutch children, but higher than values of Swiss and Swedish children. The extremities of Danish children were 3-4 cm longer than the extremities of English children, but Dutch children had 2-3 cm longer armspan than the Danish boys and girls. Growth charts for sitting height, sitting height ratio, subischial leg length and armspan are presented. These charts should be useful when evaluating dysproportionality in growth retarded children and when assessing the effect of growth modulating therapy in children.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anthropometry*
  • Arm / anatomy & histology
  • Arm / growth & development
  • Body Composition*
  • Body Height
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leg / anatomy & histology
  • Leg / growth & development
  • Male
  • Reference Values