A meta-analytical approach examining the potential relationship between talc exposure and ovarian cancer

J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. Apr-Jun 1995;5(2):181-95.


The concern that use of talc or talc-containing substances in the perineal region of women may subject them to an increased risk for ovarian cancer has become an important issue in the study of ovarian cancer. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether this concern, heightened by several epidemiological studies purporting to show an increased risk, is valid. Epidemiological studies examining the possibility of this relationship are reviewed, and meta-analyses of their results are performed. The conclusion reached herein is that the evidence regarding the risk of ovarian cancer associated with talc exposure is equivocal, and further examination of the relationship is required before a sound conclusion can be made.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Perineum
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk
  • Talc / administration & dosage
  • Talc / adverse effects*


  • Talc