Locomotion patterns in cerebral palsy syndromes

Dev Med Child Neurol. 1995 Oct;37(10):883-99. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.1995.tb11941.x.


Locomotion patterns were studied in 160 children with cerebral palsy. Ten patterns were distinguished, which were typical of the type of impairment: (1) crawling--mildly impaired children who will achieve independent walking; (2) creeping and crawling--diplegic children with moderate motor impairment; (3) creeping, never leading to independent walking--children with severe diplegia or tetraplegia; (4) bottom shuffling--children with hemiplegia and ataxia and minimal or mild motor impairment; (5) bunny-hopping--dyskinetic children with marked motor impairment but generally not mentally retarded; (6) rolling--severely diplegic and dyskinetic children; (7) other forms of locomotion, such as bridging or grub-type creeping, rare and typical of children with ataxic elements; (8) just walk--children with hemiplegia, diplegia, ataxic diplegia or ataxia, generally in cases of mild motor impairment but mental retardation; (9) just walk with aids--children with severe diplegia; and (10) no mobility. The locomotion pattern, age at onset and even manner of execution all influenced prognosis for walking. Severe deformity affected the choice of locomotion pattern. Though physiotherapy probably would not greatly influence the adoption of a particular locomotion pattern, early intervention might help prevent deformities.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Cerebral Palsy / complications
  • Cerebral Palsy / diagnosis*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability / complications
  • Intellectual Disability / diagnosis
  • Locomotion*
  • Male