Of microbes and macrophages: entry, survival and persistence

Curr Opin Immunol. 1995 Aug;7(4):479-84. doi: 10.1016/0952-7915(95)80092-1.


The macrophage is capable of fulfilling the roles of both host cell and effector cell in the immune clearance of many microbial infections. This dual capacity has led to the evolution of intriguing mechanisms whereby pathogens ensure the establishment and maintenance of intracellular infections. The strategies developed range from passive avoidance mechanisms to extremely active modulation of cell function. Recent advances have been made in our appreciation of the processes of intramacrophage parasitization from initial ligand-receptor interactions, through establishment of a stable intracellular environment, to the maintenance of a persistent infection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Host-Parasite Interactions / immunology*
  • Immunity, Innate*
  • Macrophages / immunology
  • Macrophages / microbiology*
  • Macrophages / parasitology*