Cytotoxicity, cellular accumulation and DNA binding of oxaliplatin isomers

Cancer Lett. 1995 Nov 6;97(2):177-84. doi: 10.1016/0304-3835(95)03974-2.


Oxaliplatin (trans-l-1,2-diaminocyclohexane oxalato Pt(II); 1R,2R-dach, l-OHP), its trans-d isomer (1S,2S-dach) and cis-dach (1R,2S-dach) isomers were compared in in vitro testing against human ovarian carcinoma cell lines A2780, A2780/CP (cisplatin resistant), A2780/l-OHP (oxaliplatin resistant), colon carcinoma cell line HT-29, and murine leukemia cell lines L1210, L1210/CP (cisplatin resistant), and L1210/dach (tetraplatin resistant). The relative molar potency of the three complexes in all the cell lines except A2780/l-OHP and L1210/dach are trans-l > trans-d > cis-dach; in A2780/l-OHP they are trans-l = trans-d > cis-dach; in L1210/dach trans-l > trans-d = cis-dach. The A2780/l-OHP selected for trans-l resistance is 3.6-fold resistant to oxaliplatin, showed no resistance to trans-d isomer and is 6-fold resistant to cis-dach. However, L1210/dach which is selected for carboxyphthalato 1,2-dach (trans-dl) platinum(II) is 140-fold resistant to oxaliplatin, 73-fold resistant to trans-d, and 41-fold resistant to cis-OHP. The accumulation and DNA binding of platinum following a 2-h treatment of A2780 cells with each of the isomers (60 microM) is in the order of trans-l > cis-dach > trans-d which corresponded to the cytotoxicity of trans-l, but not the others. The data suggest that other processes, such as differential formation of specific adducts and/or repair may be involved. Of the three isomers l-OHP is the superior and its accumulation and DNA binding are consistent with its cytotoxicity.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • DNA / metabolism*
  • Drug Resistance
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Organoplatinum Compounds / metabolism
  • Organoplatinum Compounds / pharmacology*
  • Oxaliplatin
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Organoplatinum Compounds
  • Oxaliplatin
  • DNA