Representation of videokeratoscopic height data with Zernike polynomials

J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 1995 Oct;12(10):2105-13. doi: 10.1364/josaa.12.002105.


Videokeratoscopic data are generally displayed as a color-coded map of corneal refractive power, corneal curvature, or surface height. Although the merits of the refractive power and curvature methods have been extensively debated, the display of corneal surface height demands further investigation. A significant drawback to viewing corneal surface height is that the spherical and cylindrical components of the cornea obscure small variations in the surface. To overcome this drawback, a methodology for decomposing corneal height data into a unique set of Zernike polynomials is presented. Repeatedly removing the low-order Zernike terms reveals the hidden height variations. Examples of the decomposition-and-display technique are shown for cases of astigmatism, keratoconus, and radial keratotomy.

MeSH terms

  • Cornea / anatomy & histology*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Mathematics
  • Video Recording