Peer and parental influences on adolescent tobacco use

J Behav Med. 1995 Aug;18(4):315-30. doi: 10.1007/BF01857657.


Longitudinal models of the development of adolescent smoking and smokeless tobacco (ST) use were tested for a sample of 643 adolescents, age 14 to 17. The sample was assessed at three time points. Smoking, smokeless tobacco, and other problem behaviors formed a single problem behavior factor. Structural equation modeling indicated that inadequate parental monitoring and association with deviant peers at Time 2 predicted tobacco use at Time 3. When parental and peer smoking at Time 2 were added to the model, each accounted for significant variance in predicting Time 3 smoking, but inadequate parental monitoring and association with deviant peers still accounted for some of the variance in Time 3 smoking. In predicting boys' smokeless tobacco use, monitoring at Time 2 predicted smokeless tobacco use, but only when parental approval of ST use was not included. Fathers approval of ST use at Time 2 predicted ST use at Time 3, while maternal disapproval predicted its use.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Motivation
  • Parent-Child Relations*
  • Peer Group*
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / psychology*
  • Smoking Prevention
  • Social Facilitation
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / prevention & control
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / psychology*