Ethnic differences in the use of peritoneal dialysis as initial treatment for end-stage renal disease

JAMA. 1995 Dec 20;274(23):1858-62.


Objective: To evaluate the influence of ethnicity on the use of peritoneal dialysis (PD) as initial treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) after controlling for other patient characteristics.

Design: Inception cohort analysis of incident ESRD patients.

Patients: All African-American and white patients (N = 10,726) who began treatment for ESRD at dialysis centers in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia and reported to ESRD Network 6 between January 1, 1989, and December 31, 1991.

Main outcome measure: Odds ratios (ORs) of the association between ethnicity and PD as initial treatment modality.

Results: African-American patients were 56% less likely than whites to use PD (OR, 0.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.40 to 0.49). This difference persisted (OR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.38 to 0.52) after multivariable adjustment for age, education, social support, home ownership, functional status, albumin level, hypertension, history of myocardial infarction, peripheral neuropathy, and comorbid diabetes.

Conclusions: Ethnic differences in initial PD use cannot be explained by many demographic, socioeconomic, and comorbid factors associated with the use of PD as initial treatment for ESRD.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cohort Studies
  • Comorbidity
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Georgia / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / ethnology*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • North Carolina / epidemiology
  • Odds Ratio
  • Peritoneal Dialysis / statistics & numerical data*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • South Carolina / epidemiology