The role of subterminal sites of transposable element Ds of Zea mays in excision

Mol Gen Genet. 1995 Nov 27;249(3):281-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00290528.


Transposition depends on DNA sequences located at or near the termini of the transposon. In the maize transposable element Ds, these sequences were studied by site-directed mutagenesis followed by a transient excision assay in Petunia protoplasts. The transposase-binding AAACGG motifs found in large numbers in the element are important, but none of them is in itself indispensable, for excision. However, mutation of an isolated motif at the 3' end considerably reduced excisability. The inverted termini were confirmed to be indispensable. Point mutations in regions outside the inverted termini of Ds and not located in the transposase-binding motifs had, in some cases, a pronounced effect on excision frequency. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • DNA Nucleotidyltransferases / metabolism
  • DNA Transposable Elements*
  • Gene Expression
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional*
  • Mutation
  • Point Mutation
  • Protoplasts
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Sequence Deletion
  • Transposases
  • Zea mays / genetics*


  • DNA Transposable Elements
  • DNA Nucleotidyltransferases
  • Transposases