Age-related neoplasia in a lifetime study of ad libitum-fed and food-restricted B6C3F1 mice

Toxicol Pathol. Jul-Aug 1995;23(4):458-76. doi: 10.1177/019262339502300403.

Abstract

Longevity, body weight, and age-specific neoplasia were determined in 1,064 B6C3F1 mice as part of a coordinated study of food restriction (FR). Restricted animals were offered 60% of the diet consumed by the ad libitum (AL) group. Longevity data were derived from a set of 56 animals of each sex from each diet group, which were examined whenever dead or moribund. For cross-sectional data, a parallel set of 210 animals were sacrificed in groups of 12-15 at 6-mo intervals. Lifetime body weight was reduced in the FR mice approximately proportional to restriction (i.e., 40%). Food restriction increased the age at 50% survival (median) by 36% in both sexes and increased the maximal lifespan (mean age of oldest 10%) by 21.5% in males and by 32.5% in females. In 56 males of the longevity groups, there were 89 neoplasms in the AL subgroup versus 53 in FR; 56 AL females had 100, versus 58 in 55 FR females. Increase in lifespan of the restricted animals was achieved primarily by decrease in incidence and delay of onset of fatal tumors, of which lymphoma was the most prominent. This report catalogs all of the neoplasms (1,103) observed in longevity and cross-sectional groups, by diet, sex, and age. These data add to the existing knowledge base needed for future studies of dietary restriction and aging as well to evaluate nutrition of animals used in bioassays.

MeSH terms

  • Aging / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Body Weight / physiology
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Diet*
  • Digestive System Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Endocrine Gland Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Food Deprivation / physiology*
  • Histiocytic Disorders, Malignant / physiopathology
  • Longevity / physiology
  • Lung Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Lymphoma / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C3H
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Neoplasms, Experimental / physiopathology*
  • Organ Specificity
  • Sarcoma, Experimental / physiopathology
  • Sex Factors
  • Urogenital Neoplasms / physiopathology