Aerobic Fitness, Blood Lipids, and Body Fat in Children

Am J Public Health. 1995 Dec;85(12):1702-6. doi: 10.2105/ajph.85.12.1702.


This study examined the association between aerobic fitness and serum cholesterol and the effects of controlling for gender, body composition, abdominal fat, and dietary saturated fat in 262 children. The 1-mile run was used to estimate fitness. Skinfolds were used in assessing body fat. Fit children had lower total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride levels and higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels than unfit children, except after adjustment for body fat and/or abdominal fat. Unfit children appear to be at an increased risk of unhealthy levels of serum cholesterol due primarily to increased levels of body fat.

MeSH terms

  • Body Composition*
  • Child
  • Cholesterol / blood*
  • Cholesterol, HDL / blood
  • Cholesterol, LDL / blood
  • Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet Surveys
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Obesity / blood*
  • Physical Fitness*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Skinfold Thickness
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Triglycerides / blood


  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol