A crucial step in an effective immune response is the adhesion of circulating lymphocytes. Lymphocytes must attach to endothelial cells before they can migrate into the graft. It has been shown that T cells bind to ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Additionally, certain T cell subsets bind to ELAM-1. We now report that resting CD4+ and CD8+ T cells as well as individual CD4+ T cell clones and CD8+ T cell lines bind to GMP-140 in an adhesion assay using protein chimeras consisting of the extracellular domain of GMP-140 linked to the hinge domain of human IgG1. Whereas resting T cells bound similarly to ELAM-1 IgG and GMP-140 IgG, activated T cells represented by CD4+ T cell clones and CD8+ T cell lines bound to GMP-140 IgG, but not to ELAM-1 IgG. Neither the binding to immobilized GMP-140 IgG, nor to immobilized ELAM-1 IgG could provide T cells with costimulatory signals for proliferation in the presence of submitogenic concentrations of anti-CD3 antibodies. The binding of T cells to the endothelial adhesion receptor GMP-140 might be important during the initial adhesion process of lymphocytes in rejecting grafts.