Glial cells of the oligodendrocyte lineage express both kainate- and AMPA-preferring subtypes of glutamate receptor

Neuron. 1994 Feb;12(2):357-71. doi: 10.1016/0896-6273(94)90277-1.

Abstract

mRNAs for AMPA- and kainate-preferring glutamate receptor subunits are expressed abundantly in the CNS, yet functional studies of neurons and glia from brain suggest selective expression of AMPA receptors. We now show that glial cells of the O-2A lineage express rapidly desensitizing responses to kainate, mRNAs for GluR6, GluR7, KA-1, and KA-2, rapidly desensitizing responses to AMPA, and mRNAs for GluR-B, -C, and -D. Analysis of glutamate receptor currents in single cells reveals two receptor populations with high and low affinity for kainate and different sensitivity for potentiation by concanavalin A and for block of desensitization by cyclothiazide. Our experiments describe the characterization of native kainate-preferring receptors in glia and reveal coexpression in single cells of functional AMPA- and kainate-preferring receptors.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Benzothiadiazines / pharmacology
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Cell Line
  • Kainic Acid / metabolism*
  • Oligodendroglia / cytology
  • Oligodendroglia / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, Glutamate / drug effects
  • Receptors, Glutamate / genetics
  • Receptors, Glutamate / metabolism*
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid / metabolism*

Substances

  • Benzothiadiazines
  • Receptors, Glutamate
  • alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid
  • cyclothiazide
  • Kainic Acid