The topography of visual evoked response properties across the visual field

Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1994 Jan;90(1):65-81. doi: 10.1016/0013-4694(94)90114-7.


Visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to luminance and pattern reversal stimulation were derived for a large number of small areas throughout the central visual field. In one study, the field was tested with a stimulus array consisting of 64 equal-area patches. Local response components were extracted by independent m-sequence modulation of the patches. Field topographies were compared between and within subjects using different electrode placements. The subject-dependent local variability observed in response characteristics is attributed to contributions from two or more cortical representations of the visual field and to inter-subject variations in gross cortical anatomy. The second study used luminance modulation of 56 patches across a 15 degrees field, scaled to activate approximately equal cortical areas in area V1. This produced many robust signals at all eccentricities. Bipolar and double differential ("1-dimensional Laplacian") signals were compared. The double differencing reduced contributions from distant or distributed sources, enhancing nearby current source activity, and greatly improved S/N for many stimulus locations. The high-resolution visual field maps demonstrated that clinical field testing using the VEP is not feasible because of effects of cortical convolutions on responses. However, the vast improvement in data quality and quantity make it a useful tool for VEP source localization and identification.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Brain / physiology*
  • Brain Mapping*
  • Electroencephalography
  • Evoked Potentials, Visual / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Neurological
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Visual Fields / physiology*