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. 1993 Nov;19(3):353-66.
doi: 10.1016/s0168-8278(05)80543-4.

Transient Expression of Tenascin in Experimentally Induced Cholestatic Fibrosis in Rat Liver: An Immunohistochemical Study

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Transient Expression of Tenascin in Experimentally Induced Cholestatic Fibrosis in Rat Liver: An Immunohistochemical Study

H Miyazaki et al. J Hepatol. .

Abstract

This study describes the sequential changes in tenascin expression in hepatic fibrosis induced by bile duct ligation (BDL) in the rat. Two days after BDL, tenascin was strongly expressed in the matrix surrounding interlobular bile ducts and also between proliferating ductules. From day 7 onwards, its distribution was restricted to the connective tissue-parenchymal interfaces where ductular proliferation was still active. A markedly increased number of desmin- and alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-smA)-positive cells, considered myofibroblasts, was noted around interlobular bile ducts and between proliferating ductules during periductal fibrogenesis. Type IV collagen and laminin were strongly expressed on the basement membranes of proliferating ductules, and contributed to the development of newly formed fibrous septa. The transient expression of tenascin around interlobular bile ducts in the early phase of BDL may be related to the onset of periductal fibrosis or to the mitogenic response of the biliary epithelium. The expression of tenascin between 'proliferating' ductules in contrast to its absence from 'mature' fibrous areas suggests a transient role in early matrix organization. Furthermore, alpha-smA-positive cells may modulate the synthesis of extracellular matrix components.

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