Variation in IH, IIR, and ILEAK between acutely isolated adult rat dorsal root ganglion neurons of different size

J Neurophysiol. 1994 Jan;71(1):271-9. doi: 10.1152/jn.1994.71.1.271.


1. The distribution of IH, IIR, and ILEAK was studied in different diameter rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuron cell bodies (neurons). DRG neurons were studied in three diameter ranges: small (19-27 microns), medium (33-37 microns), and large (44-54 microns). IH was defined as a slowly activating inward current evoked by hyperpolarizing voltage steps from a holding potential (HP) of -60 mV, and blocked by 1 mM Cs2+ but not 1 mM Ba2+. Inward rectifier current (IIR) was defined as a rapidly activating current evoked by hyperpolarizations from HP -60 mV, which rectified inwardly around the reversal potential for potassium (EK), and was completely blocked by 100 microM Ba2+. ILEAK was defined as an outward resting current at HP -60 mV, which did not rectify and was blocked by 100 microM Ba2+ but not by 2 mM Cs+. 2. IH was observed in 23 of 23 large, 11 of 12 medium, and in 9 of 20 small diameter DRG neurons tested. Peak IH normalized to membrane surface area was significantly greater in large than in medium or small diameter DRG neurons expressing IH. All neurons exhibiting IH under voltage clamp conditions had short duration action potentials and exhibited time-dependent rectification under current clamp conditions, properties similar to A-type DRG neurons. The 11 small diameter neurons not expressing IH had long duration action potentials and did not exhibit time-dependent rectification, properties similar to C-type DRG neurons. 3. IIR was detected in 18 of 22 medium diameter neurons tested.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Barium Compounds / pharmacology
  • Cesium / pharmacology
  • Chlorides / pharmacology
  • Electrophysiology
  • Ganglia, Spinal / cytology
  • Ganglia, Spinal / drug effects
  • Ganglia, Spinal / physiology*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Ion Channels / drug effects
  • Ion Channels / physiology*
  • Male
  • Membrane Potentials / physiology
  • Microelectrodes
  • Nerve Fibers / drug effects
  • Nerve Fibers / physiology
  • Nerve Fibers, Myelinated / drug effects
  • Nerve Fibers, Myelinated / physiology
  • Neurons / drug effects
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Neurons / ultrastructure
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Barium Compounds
  • Chlorides
  • Ion Channels
  • barium chloride
  • Cesium