Intravascular neutrophil activation in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): dissociation between increased expression of CD11b/CD18 and diminished expression of L-selectin on neutrophils from patients with active SLE

Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1994 Jun;71(3):281-6. doi: 10.1006/clin.1994.1087.

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that neutrophils in the circulation of patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are activated as judged by their increased surface expression of the beta 2-integrin CD11b/CD18. Since activation of neutrophils leads to altered expression of another adhesion molecule, L-selectin (LS), we examined neutrophils from patients with SLE for changes in the expression of CD11b/CD18 and LS by cytofluorographic analysis of immunofluorescent-labeled cells. Overall there was no difference between surface expression of CD11b/CD18 on neutrophils from SLE patients or controls [mean fluorescence 225 +/- 26 vs 225 +/- 13 relative fluorescence units (RFU), respectively]. However, as previously reported, neutrophils from patients with more active disease (activity score > or = 3, UCH Middlesex activity score) expressed greater CD11b/CD18 than neutrophils from controls (319 +/- 40 RFU, P < 0.03, n = 9) or from patients with less active disease (193 +/- 10 RFU, P < 0.006). Indeed, CD11b/CD18 expression correlated directly with disease activity (r = 0.54, P < 0.02). Stimulation of neutrophils ex vivo with the chemoattractant N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (100 nM) induced up-regulation of CD11b/CD18 in cells from both SLE patients and controls (205 +/- 12% vs 239 +/- 15% of basal, respectively), but neutrophils from the most active patients (score > or = 3) increased CD11b/CD18 expression less than controls (175 +/- 12% of basal, P < 0.003, n = 9). The magnitude of the stimulated increment in expression of CD11b/CD18 on neutrophils correlated inversely with SLE activity (r = -0.64, P < 0.003, n = 20). Surprisingly, we observed no change in LS expression on neutrophils from SLE patients compared to controls (143 +/- 14 vs 141 +/- 16 RFU, respectively) even in patients with the highest activity indices (154 +/- 21 RFU). In contrast to CD11b/CD18, there was no correlation between LS expression and disease activity (r = 0.12, P = NS). Stimulation of neutrophils reduced the expression of LS similarly in both controls and SLE patients (67 +/- 3% vs 58 +/- 4% reduction, respectively) and did not correlate with disease activity (r = 0.07, P = NS, n = 20). These results show, for the first time, that changes in CD11b/CD18 expression do not correlate with LS expression on neutrophils from patients with active SLE.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antigens, CD / blood
  • Antigens, CD / physiology
  • CD18 Antigens
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / blood
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / physiology
  • Chemotactic Factors / pharmacology
  • Fluorescence
  • Humans
  • L-Selectin
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / blood*
  • Macrophage-1 Antigen / blood
  • Macrophage-1 Antigen / physiology
  • Neutrophils / drug effects
  • Neutrophils / immunology*

Substances

  • Antigens, CD
  • CD18 Antigens
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • Chemotactic Factors
  • Macrophage-1 Antigen
  • L-Selectin