Synthetic peptides in the determination of hepatitis A virus T-cell epitopes

FEBS Lett. 1994 May 30;345(2-3):159-61. doi: 10.1016/0014-5793(94)00427-7.

Abstract

Computer search for probable T-epitopes of hepatitis A virus capsid proteins was performed using an integrated set of programs. Eight segments of the VP1, VP2, VP3 and VP4 proteins were chosen and synthesised. Five peptides previously examined as probable B-epitopes were used as well. All the peptides were tested for their ability to stimulate proliferation of lymph node T-cells primed with synthetic peptides. Almost all predicted T-epitopes affected the T-cell proliferation. None of the peptides had mitogenic activity. We demonstrated that regions 17-33 and 276-298 of VP1 are possible immunodominant promiscuous sites activating lymphocytes of all mouse haplotypes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Viral / chemistry
  • Antigens, Viral / immunology*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Epitopes / analysis*
  • Female
  • Hepatitis A Antigens
  • Hepatovirus / immunology*
  • Lymph Nodes / immunology
  • Lymphocyte Activation*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred CBA
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptides / chemical synthesis
  • Peptides / chemistry
  • Peptides / immunology*
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*

Substances

  • Antigens, Viral
  • Epitopes
  • Hepatitis A Antigens
  • Peptides