Florid basal cell hyperplasia of the prostate

Histopathology. 1994 Apr;24(4):341-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2559.1994.tb00535.x.


Florid basal cell hyperplasia of the prostate is an uncommon proliferative condition, most often associated with adenomatous hyperplasia. It is considered a benign lesion although confusion with prostatic cancer is possible when one is not familiar with the histopathological appearance. We report another two cases of the glandular type of basal cell hyperplasia with immunohistochemical findings. Both lesions were composed of crowded and rather small glands with piling up of basaloid cells. They showed immunohistochemical positivity for high molecular weight cytokeratin 34 beta E12, confirming their relationship with basal cells. We detected focal positivity of these basal cells for alpha-smooth muscle actin, suggesting myoepithelial differentiation. Paucity of actin-positive smooth muscle cells in the stroma was noticed. One of the lesions showed some mild cytological atypia with prominent nucleoli and increased mitotic activity.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Keratins / analysis
  • Male
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen / analysis
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia / metabolism
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia / pathology*


  • Keratins
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen