International Commission for Protection Against Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens. Deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate levels: a critical factor in the maintenance of genetic stability

Mutat Res. 1994 Aug;318(1):1-64. doi: 10.1016/0165-1110(94)90006-x.


DNA precursor pool imbalances can elicit a variety of genetic effects and modulate the genotoxicity of certain DNA-damaging agents. These and other observations indicate that the control of DNA precursor concentrations is essential for the maintenance of genetic stability, and suggest that factors which offset this control may contribute to environmental mutagenesis and carcinogenesis. In this article, we review the biochemical and genetic mechanisms responsible for regulating the production and relative amounts of intracellular DNA precursors, describe the many outcomes of perturbations in DNA precursor levels, and discuss implications of such imbalances for sensitivity to DNA-damaging agents, population monitoring, and human diseases.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacteria
  • Cell Cycle / genetics*
  • Cell Cycle / physiology
  • DNA Damage / genetics
  • DNA Damage / physiology
  • DNA Replication
  • Deoxyribonucleosides / genetics*
  • Deoxyribonucleosides / metabolism*
  • Deoxyribonucleotides / metabolism
  • Fungi
  • Homeostasis*
  • Humans
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Mutation / physiology
  • Postural Balance


  • Deoxyribonucleosides
  • Deoxyribonucleotides