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. 1994 May 16;646(1):26-36.
doi: 10.1016/0006-8993(94)90054-x.

Morphological and Electrophysiological Analysis of the Peripheral and Central Afferent Pathways From the Clitoris of the Cat

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Morphological and Electrophysiological Analysis of the Peripheral and Central Afferent Pathways From the Clitoris of the Cat

M Kawatani et al. Brain Res. .

Abstract

Afferent neurons projecting to the clitoris of the cat were identified by WGA-HRP tracing in the S1 and S2 dorsal root ganglia. An average of 433 cells were identified on each side of the animal. 85% and 15% of the labeled cells were located in the S1 and S2 dorsal root ganglia, respectively. The average cross sectional area of clitoral afferent neuron profiles was 1,479 +/- 627 micron2. Unilateral transection of the pudendal nerve reduced the number of labeled cells to 1% of that on the control side. Central projections of clitoral afferents were identified in the lumbo-sacral segments (L7-S3) of the spinal cord. HRP labeled fibers were located in the marginal zone on the medial side of dorsal horn and extended into the dorsal half of the dorsal gray commissure. Electrophysiological recordings detected axonal volleys in the pudendal nerve and S1 dorsal root in response to electrical stimulation (threshold, 1-4 V) of the clitoral surface. Estimated axonal conduction velocities at the two sites ranged from 7-27 m/s and 0.6-30 m/s, respectively. Multi-unit recordings from dorsal roots in the lumbo-sacral segments revealed that non-noxious pressure stimulation of the clitoris evoked discharges in the S1 dorsal root. Small increases were also detected in the S2 and L7 roots. Single unit discharges recorded from S1 dorsal roots were activated by electrical stimulation of the clitoral surface at thresholds of 0.6-1.2 V and latencies of 1.5-1.8 ms (estimated conduction velocities of 24-30 m/s.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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