Modulatory functions of neurotransmitters in the striatum: ACh/dopamine/NMDA interactions

Trends Neurosci. 1994 Jun;17(6):228-33. doi: 10.1016/0166-2236(94)90005-1.


The striatum is viewed as a structure performing fast neurotransmitter-mediated operations through somatotopically organized projections to medium-size spiny neurons. This view is contrasted with another view that depicts the striatum as a site of diffuse modulatory influences mediated by cholinergic interneurons and by dopamine and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. These two operational and organizational modes both contribute, through their mutual interaction, to the function of basal ganglia. Detailed knowledge of the neural mechanisms by which such interactions take place and are expressed into behaviour, can provide new insight into the physiopathology and new clues for therapy of disorders of basal ganglia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acetylcholine / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Corpus Striatum / physiology*
  • Dopamine / physiology*
  • Humans
  • N-Methylaspartate / physiology*
  • Neurotransmitter Agents / physiology*
  • Receptors, Dopamine / physiology
  • Synaptic Transmission / physiology


  • Neurotransmitter Agents
  • Receptors, Dopamine
  • N-Methylaspartate
  • Acetylcholine
  • Dopamine