Synergistic interactions between selective pharmacological inhibitors of phosphodiesterase isozyme families PDE III and PDE IV to attenuate proliferation of rat vascular smooth muscle cells

Biochem Pharmacol. 1994 Aug 17;48(4):827-35. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(94)90062-0.


The interaction between selective inhibitors of 3',5'-cyclic-nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) III (cyclic GMP inhibited phosphodiesterase) and selective inhibitors of PDE IV (Ro 20-1724 inhibited phosphodiesterase) to attenuate fetal bovine serum-stimulated incorporation of [3H]thymidine into DNA and cell proliferation was studied in a line (A10) of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). The nonselective PDE inhibitors 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) and papaverine attenuated DNA synthesis with EC50 values (16 and 18 microM, respectively) in the same range as their published IC50 values (2-50 and 2-25 microM, respectively) as PDE inhibitors. The selective PDE III inhibitors CI-930 and cilostamide used alone attenuated DNA synthesis with EC50 values (> 300 and 5.3 microM, respectively) that were much higher than published IC50 values (0.15-0.46 and 0.005-0.064 microM, respectively) for inhibition of PDE III. In the presence of the PDE IV inhibitor rolipram (10 microM), their EC50 values were shifted (0.66 and 0.16 microM, respectively) much closer to their respective IC50 values. When the selective PDE IV inhibitors rolipram and Ro 20-1724 were used alone, they attenuated DNA synthesis with EC50 values (111 and > 100 microM, respectively) much higher than their IC50 values (0.6-2.6 and 2-13 microM, respectively) as inhibitors of PDE IV, but 10 microM CI-930 (PDE III inhibitor) shifted their EC50 values (0.56 and 1.5 microM, respectively) much closer to their IC50 values. In experiments that assessed VSMC proliferation using the MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] method, IBMX and papaverine attenuated proliferation with EC50 values (27 and 58 microM, respectively) close to their IC50 values. CI-930 and cilostamide used alone did not cause 50% attenuation of proliferation at the highest concentrations tested (100 and 10 microM, respectively). In the presence of 5 microM rolipram, however, their effects were enhanced greatly with EC50 values (0.86 and 0.23 microM, respectively) that were close to their IC50 values as PDE III inhibitors. Similarly, rolipram and Ro 20-1724 attenuated VSMC proliferation with EC50 values close to their IC50 values in the presence (2.1 and 4.6 microM, respectively) but not in the absence (> 100 and > 10 microM, respectively) of 2 microM CI-930. The interactions between PDE III inhibitors and PDE IV inhibitors to attenuate DNA synthesis and VSMC proliferation were synergistic as determined by the combination index. The data demonstrate that the synergistic interactions that attenuate incorporation of [3H]thymidine into DNA are accompanied by synergistic attenuations of VSMC division.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cell Line
  • Drug Synergism
  • Isoenzymes / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Models, Chemical
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / enzymology*
  • Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases / metabolism*
  • Pyridazines / pharmacology
  • Pyrrolidinones / pharmacology
  • Quinolones / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rolipram
  • Thymidine / metabolism


  • Isoenzymes
  • Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
  • Pyridazines
  • Pyrrolidinones
  • Quinolones
  • cilostamide
  • 4,5-dihydro-6-(4-(imidazol-1-yl)phenyl)-5-methyl-3(2H)-pyridazinone
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
  • Rolipram
  • 1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine
  • Thymidine