Local resection of the head of the pancreas combined with longitudinal pancreaticojejunostomy in the management of patients with chronic pancreatitis

Ann Surg. 1994 Oct;220(4):492-504; discussion 504-7. doi: 10.1007/BF02348284.

Abstract

OPERATION: Local resection of the head of the pancreas combined with longitudinal pancreaticojejunostomy of the body and tail of the pancreas (LR-LPJ) was designed to improve decompression of the head of the pancreas, which often was not drained well by standard longitudinal pancreaticojejunostomy. This was achieved by excising the head of the pancreas overlying the ducts of Wirsung and Santorini, and duct to the uncinate, along with their tributary ducts.

Patient material: The operation has been performed on 50 patients. There were five late deaths among the 50 patients; two at 6 months, and one each at 24, 26, and 91 months. Eighty percent of the patients were alcoholics, 50% had pseudocysts, and 80% had calcification.

Assessment: Pain was assessed on a scale of 1 to 10, with 10 being most severe. Narcotic intake was considered minimal-Vicodin equivalent (hydrocodone bitartate, 5 mg, acetaminophen, 500 mg; Vicodin, Knoll Pharmaceuticals, Whippany, NJ) once or twice/month; moderate--Vicodin weekly daily; and major--meperidine hydrochloride (Demerol, Winthrop Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY) weekly or daily.

Results: Pain relief in 47 patients was excellent (74.5%), improved in 12.75%, and unimproved in 12.75%. Endocrine status in 45 patients was as follows: 69% were not diabetic, and 20% were diabetic preoperatively and postoperatively. Postoperatively, 11% had progression of their diabetes. Exocrine function was not worsened and may have been improved in some patients. Sixty-four percent of 39 patients gained an average of 15.3 pounds. Fifty-nine percent of patients were not working preoperatively or postoperatively.

Conclusions: The LR-LPJ provides good pain relief with a modest increase in endocrine and exocrine insufficiency and a significant increase in weight. Even when relieved of pain, patients seldom return to the work force.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chronic Disease
  • Diabetes Complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Pain Measurement
  • Palliative Care / methods*
  • Pancreatectomy / methods*
  • Pancreaticojejunostomy / methods*
  • Pancreatitis / complications
  • Pancreatitis / epidemiology
  • Pancreatitis / surgery*
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Time Factors
  • Work