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Comparative Study
, 1224 (1), 127-38

Effects of Cholecystokinin (CCK) and Other Secretagogues on Isoforms of Protein Kinase C (PKC) in Pancreatic Acini

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Comparative Study

Effects of Cholecystokinin (CCK) and Other Secretagogues on Isoforms of Protein Kinase C (PKC) in Pancreatic Acini

D A Pollo et al. Biochim Biophys Acta.

Abstract

We used rat pancreatic acini and measured the effects of various agents on digestive enzyme secretion, diacylglycerol (DAG) and the cellular distribution of protein kinase C (PKC) enzyme activity as well as isoforms of PKC determined by quantitative immunoblot analysis. TPA, but not CCK-8, caused translocation of PKC enzyme activity from the cytosol fraction to the membrane fraction. Immunoblot analysis detected PKC-alpha, PKC-delta, PKC-epsilon and PKC-zeta. PKC-beta, PKC-gamma and PKC-eta were not detected. TPA caused translocation of all isoforms from cytosol to membrane, whereas CCK-8 caused translocation of PKC-delta and PKC-epsilon, carbachol caused translocation of PKC-epsilon, and bombesin and secretin caused no detectable translocation of any isoform. Specific receptor antagonists could prevent, as well as reverse completely, the translocation of PKC isoforms caused by CCK-8 or carbachol. Agonists added in sequence with an interposed addition of a specific receptor antagonist caused cycling of PKC-epsilon between cytosol and membrane fractions. Each receptor-mediated agonist that caused translocation of PKC also increased DAG, and with CCK-8 and carbachol cycling of PKC-epsilon between cytosol and membrane was accompanied by corresponding cyclic changes in cellular DAG. CCK-JMV-180, bombesin and secretin increased DAG but did not cause translocation of any PKC isoform. Translocation of a PKC isoform could be accounted for by whether the increased DAG originated from PIP2 (accompanied by translocation) or from phosphatidylcholine (no accompanying translocation). Thus it appeared that DAG, in pancreatic acini, is functionally compartmentalized depending on the source of the lipid. Studies using CCK-8 and CCK-JMV-180 indicated that occupation of the low affinity state of the CCK receptor by either peptide increased DAG from phosphatidylcholine, whereas occupation of the very low affinity state by CCK-8 increased DAG from PIP2 and caused translocation of PKC-delta and PKC-epsilon. TPA stimulated amylase secretion, indicating that activation of PKC can stimulate enzyme secretion; however, with the various receptor-mediated secretagogues there was no consistent, unequivocal correlation between translocation of an isoform of PKC and accompanying changes in enzyme secretion.

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