Water channel expression in human ADPKD kidneys

Am J Physiol. 1995 Mar;268(3 Pt 2):F398. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.1995.268.3.F398.

Abstract

Cyst enlargement in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) results in part from the transport of solute and fluid into the lumen of the cyst. In proximal tubules and thin descending limbs of normal kidneys, the high transepithelial water permeability of these segments is due to the presence of the water channel protein, aquaporin-CHIP (AQP-CHIP, i.e., AQP-1). The collecting ducts of normal kidneys express another member of this gene family, the aquaporin collecting duct (AQP-CD, i.e., AQP-2). The expression and distribution of these two members of the aquaporin gene family were examined in ADPKD and normal human kidneys. In both tissues, Western blotting with the anti-AQP-CHIP antibody revealed a major 28-kDa band. By immunofluorescence, AQP-CHIP was present in proximal tubules and thin descending limbs of Henle of both normal and ADPKD kidneys. In the latter, AQP-CHIP was detected in the epithelia lining 71% of cysts. Many cysts were positive for the proximal tubule marker gp330 (44%). Some cysts expressing AQP-CHIP did not stain for gp330, suggesting a descending thin limb origin, and a few cysts were negative for both markers. In normal human kidney, Western blotting with the anti-AQP-CD antibody revealed a band at 28 kDa. AQP-CD was localized to collecting ducts and did not show colocalization with gp330 in normal human kidney. In ADPKD kidney, AQP-CD was expressed by only 8% of cysts. In summary, water channels, primarily AQP-CHIP, are expressed in epithelial cells lining cysts in approximately 80% of cysts in ADPKD kidneys.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Aquaporin 1
  • Aquaporin 2
  • Aquaporin 6
  • Aquaporins*
  • Biological Transport, Active
  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Group Antigens
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Ion Channels / genetics
  • Ion Channels / metabolism*
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / metabolism
  • Loop of Henle / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Peptides / genetics
  • Peptides / metabolism
  • Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant / etiology
  • Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant / metabolism*
  • Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant / pathology
  • Water / metabolism

Substances

  • AQP1 protein, human
  • AQP2 protein, human
  • Aquaporin 2
  • Aquaporin 6
  • Aquaporins
  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Group Antigens
  • Ion Channels
  • Peptides
  • Water
  • Aquaporin 1