Antibodies to an epitope on synapsin I detect a protein associated with the endocytic compartment in non-neuronal cells

Eur J Cell Biol. 1994 Dec;65(2):327-40.


To detect potential substrate proteins for Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II outside the central nervous system, antibodies were made to a synthetic peptide corresponding to a sequence within synapsin I which is phosphorylated by this enzyme. In neural tissues, this antibody (212) identified an 86/80 kDa doublet corresponding to synapsin I. In rat liver, intestinal enterocytes and the clone 9 cell line this antibody identified two proteins of 170 and 85 kDa. These proteins were present in the particulate fraction of liver postnuclear supernatant, and were released into the soluble fraction when extracted with 100 mM NaCl. In liver, enterocytes, and clone 9 cells, these antigens were localized by immunocytochemical techniques to small intracellular vesicles. The endocytic compartment of clone 9 cells was labeled by continuous uptake of horseradish peroxidase; antibody 212-labeled vesicles exhibited overlap with the compartment. To confirm the identity of this compartment as endosomal, rat liver endosomes were labeled in vivo by intravenous injection of horseradish peroxidase. Horseradish peroxidase-containing endosomes of approximately 80 nm were recognized by antibody 212. Occasionally, larger endosomes (approximately 300-500 nm) were also labeled. In clone 9 cells, partial overlap was observed between the 212 antigen and a transferrin receptor-positive, brefeldin A-sensitive compartment. In clone 9 cells double-labeled with anti-tubulin and antibody 212, then imaged using confocal microscopy, these vesicles appeared to be associated with microtubules. This antigen has properties similar to that of CLIP-170, a membrane-associated endosomal phosphoprotein. These findings demonstrate that a 170/85 kDa antigen containing an epitope for the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II phosphorylation sequence is associated with an endocytic compartment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / immunology*
  • Cell Compartmentation / immunology*
  • Cell Line
  • Endocytosis / immunology*
  • Epitopes / analysis*
  • Liver / cytology
  • Liver / immunology
  • Membrane Proteins / immunology
  • Molecular Weight
  • Neurons
  • Phosphoproteins / chemistry
  • Phosphorylation
  • Rats
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Synapsins / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Epitopes
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Synapsins
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases