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, 671 (2), 227-44

The Opioid Peptide Dynorphin Modulates AMPA and Kainate Responses in Acutely Isolated Neurons From the Dorsal Horn


The Opioid Peptide Dynorphin Modulates AMPA and Kainate Responses in Acutely Isolated Neurons From the Dorsal Horn

M Kolaj et al. Brain Res.


In freshly isolated spinal dorsal horn (DH) neurons (laminae I-IV) of the young rat, the effects of dynorphin A1-17, U-50,488H and U-69,593 on inward currents induced by alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) and kainate (KA) were studied under whole-cell voltage-clamp conditions. When the cells were clamped to a holding potential of -60 mV, co-application of dynorphin A1-17 (10(-6) M) and AMPA (2 x 10(-5) M) reversibly decreased the peak amplitude of the initial transient component of the AMPA-induced current in 72% of the examined cells. In addition, dynorphin (10 microM) in perforated patch-recordings consistently produced a decrease in the steady-state component of the AMPA response. The depressant effect was concentration-dependent (IC50 = 86 nM) and reversible. The dynorphin A1-17-induced depression of the AMPA response was associated with slowing of the response kinetics, including both a 10-90% rise-time and time constant of decay. The AMPA-induced currents were modulated by dynorphin not only during the co-administration but also after the removal of the peptide. Dynorphin increased the initial peak AMPA current in 42% of the examined cells. Similar as with dynorphin A1-17, the peak amplitude of the AMPA-induced current was reversibly suppressed in the presence of 1 microM U-50,488H and U-69,593 in 75% and 86% of the examined cells, respectively. Naloxone and the kappa 1-selective antagonist norbinaltorphimine (nor-BNI) blocked the initial depressant but not late excitatory effects of dynorphin A1-17 and U-50,488H. This antagonistic effect of naloxone and norbinaltorphimine suggests that the depressant effect of dynorphin A1-17 on the AMPA-activated conductance is a true opioid, probably kappa 1-opioid receptor-mediated event. In contrast, the dynorphin-induced late potentiation of AMPA/KA responses appears to be a non-opioid effect since it was not inhibited by nor-BNI, CTAP and naltrindole, the selective kappa-, mu- and delta-opioid receptor blocking agents, respectively. Pretreatment of DH neurons with pertussis toxin blocked the depressant action of dynorphin A1-17, indicating that a Gi- or Go-type G protein was required for this effect on AMPA-activated currents. Intracellular dialysis with a highly specific peptide inhibitor (peptide 6-22) of the cAMP-activated protein kinase (PKA), and with Rp-cAMPS, prevented the depressant effect of dynorphin A1-17. In addition, staurosporine, a nonselective kinase inhibitor, blocked the dynorphin depression of the AMPA response.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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