Distribution of extracellular matrix receptors in various forms of glomerulonephritis

Am J Kidney Dis. 1995 May;25(5):680-8. doi: 10.1016/0272-6386(95)90542-1.


Integrins are heterodimeric transmembrane receptor glycoproteins consisting of alpha and beta subunits that mediate adhesion and interactions between cells and extracellular matrix. Such interactions may be perturbed in various pathologic states, resulting in the altered phenotypic expressions of the integrins in affected tissues. To ascertain the alterations in integrins in various renal diseases, their distribution was investigated in different forms of glomerulonephritis by indirect immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy using specific antibodies directed against beta 1 integrins and integrin alpha v beta 3 (vitronectin receptor). In addition, the distribution of certain extracellular matrix components (ie, fibronectin, vitronectin, and type IV collagen) was examined. Integrin beta 1 and alpha v beta 3 were highly expressed in proliferating mesangial cells in immunoglobulin A nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis type I and diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis. Their putative ligands (ie, fibronectin, vitronectin, and type IV collagen) also were increased in the expanded mesangial regions. In immunoglobulin A nephropathy, integrin beta 1 and alpha v beta 3 were seen by immunoelectron microscopy to be localized to the mesangial cell membranes in close proximity to the immune complex deposits; however, fibronectin and vitronectin immunoreactivities were observed in the mesangial immune complex deposits. Similarly, vitronectin also was detected in the immune complex deposits of other forms of proliferative nephritis, ie, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis type I and diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis. In diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis, the cellular crescents displayed immunoreactivity toward integrin alpha v beta 3 and vitronectin. In nonimmune complex glomerular disease associated with nephrotic syndrome (ie, minimal change nephrotic syndrome), integrin alpha 3 beta 1, which normally has a linear capillary distribution, was decreased.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Collagen / metabolism
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / metabolism
  • Fibronectins / metabolism
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Glomerulonephritis / metabolism*
  • Glomerulonephritis / pathology
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Integrins / metabolism
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Kidney Glomerulus / ultrastructure
  • Microscopy, Immunoelectron
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Vitronectin


  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Fibronectins
  • Glycoproteins
  • Integrins
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Vitronectin
  • extracellular matrix receptor
  • Collagen