A comparison of the interaction of Shc and the tyrosine kinase ZAP-70 with the T cell antigen receptor zeta chain tyrosine-based activation motif

J Biol Chem. 1995 Jun 9;270(23):13981-6. doi: 10.1074/jbc.270.23.13981.

Abstract

Tyrosine-based activation motifs (TAMs) define a conserved signaling sequence, EX2YX2L/IX7YX2L/I, that couples the T cell antigen receptor to protein tyrosine kinases and adapter molecules. The present study shows that phosphorylation of both tyrosines within the motif is required for high affinity binding of the tyrosine kinase ZAP-70 whereas phosphorylation of the single COOH-terminal tyrosine within the motif is optimal for the binding of the adapter Shc. There were also quantitative differences in the ZAP-70 and Shc association with the zeta 1-TAM since nM concentrations of the doubly phosphorylated zeta 1-TAM are sufficient for ZAP-70 recruitment whereas micromolar levels of singly phosphorylated TAMs are necessary for Shc binding. Shc is tyrosine phosphorylated in antigen receptor-activated T cells and can potentially form a complex with the adapter molecule Grb2 and could thus recruit the Ras guanine nucleotide exchange protein Sos into the antigen receptor complex. The present data show that Grb2 can bind to the phosphorylated TAM, but this binding is independent of Shc and there is no formation of zeta 1-TAM.Shc.Grb2.Sos complexes in antigen receptor-activated cells. Accordingly, Shc function should not be considered in the context of Grb2/Sos recruitment to the T cell antigen receptor complex.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • GRB2 Adaptor Protein
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphotyrosine
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / metabolism*
  • Tyrosine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Tyrosine / metabolism
  • ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase

Substances

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • GRB2 Adaptor Protein
  • GRB2 protein, human
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Proteins
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
  • antigen T cell receptor, zeta chain
  • Phosphotyrosine
  • Tyrosine
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase
  • ZAP70 protein, human