The in vitro effects of granulocyte and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor on interleukin-3-dependent proliferation of human neonatal circulating progenitor cells

Pediatr Res. 1995 May;37(5):630-3. doi: 10.1203/00006450-199505000-00013.


Recombinant human granulocyte (rhG) colony-stimulating factor (CSF) and recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage (rhGM) CSF have been used to enhance neonatal neutrophil host defense. We aimed to determine the comparative efficacy of rhG-CSF and rhGM-CSF in increasing numbers of granulocyte colony-forming unit (CFU-G) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming unit (CFU-GM) in recombinant human (rh) IL-3-dependent cultures of human neonatal circulating hematopoietic progenitor cells, including cells from infants born to hypertensive mothers. We also investigated the relationship between fractional increase in CFU-G and endogenous plasma concentration of G-CSF. Circulating mononuclear cells were harvested from 25 neonates, and standard short-term assays in semisolid agar were established in the presence of rhIL-3 alone, rhIL-3 with rhG-CSF and rhGM-CSF, and both rhG-CSF and rhGM-CSF. CFU-G and CFU-GM were counted on d 14. Total colony number and CFU-G were significantly greater in cultures supplemented with rhG-CSF, with or without rhGM-CSF (p < 0.001 and p < 0.0005 for total colony number and CFU-G, respectively), when compared with cultures with rhIL-3 alone. Progenitor cells from three infants born to hypertensive mothers responded similarly. Total colony numbers and CFU-G were not increased by rhGM-CSF alone or by addition of rhGM-CSF to rhG-CSF; however, the proportions of CFU-GM were (p < 0.05 and p < 0.001, respectively, compared with rhIL-3 alone).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology*
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology*
  • Hematopoiesis / drug effects
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / cytology
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Interleukin-3 / pharmacology
  • Neutrophils / cytology
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / pharmacology


  • Interleukin-3
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor