Lack of L-selectin expression by cells transferring diabetes in NOD mice: insights into the mechanisms involved in diabetes prevention by Mel-14 antibody treatment

Eur J Immunol. 1995 Jun;25(6):1502-7. doi: 10.1002/eji.1830250605.


The process of mononuclear cell extravasation from the blood into the islets of Langerhans in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice is dependent on the expression of a set of molecules, most of which remain to be defined. The observation that vascular addressins are expressed in inflamed islets raises the issue of the involvement of one of their ligands, L-selectin, in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diabetes. Treatment of NOD females with Mel-14, an antibody specific for L-selectin, reduced the spontaneous development of both insulitis and diabetes. Pretreatment of diabetic donors with Mel-14 decreased the capacity of their splenocytes to transfer the disease. However, the treatment of recipients had no effect on the transfer of diabetes by untreated diabetogenic splenocytes. To reconcile these apparently conflicting results, we fractionated spleen T cells from diabetic mice according to L-selectin expression. Diabetogenic cells were found only in the L-selectin subpopulation. Thus, diabetogenic cells in adult mice share phenotypic characteristics with activated/memory cells, and enter the pancreas using L-selectin-independent migratory pathways.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies / administration & dosage*
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / biosynthesis*
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / immunology
  • Cell Movement / drug effects
  • Cell Transplantation
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / pathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • L-Selectin
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear / metabolism
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear / pathology
  • Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • Lymphocytes / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred NOD
  • Spleen / metabolism
  • Spleen / pathology


  • Antibodies
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • L-Selectin