Maximal Activation of Transcription by Stat1 and Stat3 Requires Both Tyrosine and Serine Phosphorylation

Cell. 1995 Jul 28;82(2):241-50. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(95)90311-9.

Abstract

Stat1 and Stat3 are latent transcriptional factors activated initially through phosphorylation on single tyrosine residues induced by cytokine and growth factor occupation of cell surface receptors. Here we show that phosphorylation on a single serine (residue 727) in each protein is also required for maximal transcriptional activity. Both cytokines and growth factors are capable of inducing the serine phosphorylation of Stat1 and Stat3. These experiments show that gene activation by Stat1 and Stat3, which obligatorily require tyrosine phosphorylation to become active, also depends for maximal activation on one or more of the many serine kinases.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Conserved Sequence
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Humans
  • Luciferases / biosynthesis
  • Luciferases / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphoserine
  • Phosphotyrosine
  • Recombinant Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Serine*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Trans-Activators / biosynthesis
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic*
  • Transcriptional Activation
  • Transfection
  • Tyrosine / analogs & derivatives

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • STAT1 protein, human
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • STAT3 protein, human
  • Stat1 protein, mouse
  • Stat3 protein, mouse
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • Phosphoserine
  • Phosphotyrosine
  • Tyrosine
  • Serine
  • Luciferases