The HIV-1 Rev activation domain is a nuclear export signal that accesses an export pathway used by specific cellular RNAs

Cell. 1995 Aug 11;82(3):475-83. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(95)90436-0.


HIV-1 Rev protein directs nuclear export of pre-mRNAs and mRNAs containing its binding site, the Rev response element (RRE). To define how Rev acts, we used conjugates between bovine serum albumin (BSA) and peptides comprising the Rev activation domain (BSA-R). BSA-R inhibited Rev-mediated nuclear RNA export, whereas a mutant activation domain peptide conjugate did not. BSA-R did not affect the export of mRNA, tRNA, or ribosomal subunits, but did inhibit export of 5S rRNA and spliceosomal U snRNAs. BSA-R was itself exported from the nucleus in an active, saturable manner. Thus, the Rev activation domain constitutes a nuclear export signal that redirects RRE-containing viral RNAs to a non-mRNA export pathway.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Biological Transport
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Gene Products, rev / metabolism*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • RNA / metabolism*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Signal Transduction


  • Gene Products, rev
  • RNA