Construction, purification, and functional incorporation on tumor cells of glycolipid-anchored human B7-1 (CD80)

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Aug 15;92(17):8059-63. doi: 10.1073/pnas.92.17.8059.


To generate a potent cell-mediated immune response, at least two signals are required by T cells. One is engagement of the T-cell receptor with peptide-bearing major histocompatibility complex molecules. The other signal can be delivered by various molecules on the antigen-presenting cell, such as B7-1 (CD80). Many tumor cells escape immune recognition by failing to express these costimulatory molecules. Transfection of the B7 gene into some murine tumor cells allows for immune recognition and subsequent rejection of the parental tumor. We have studied an alternative approach for the introduction of B7-1 onto the surface of tumor cells. This method involves purified glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins which can spontaneously incorporate their lipid tail into cell membranes. We have created and purified a GPI-anchored B7-1 molecule (called GPI-B7) which is able to bind its cognate ligand, CD28, and incorporate itself into tumor cell membranes after a short incubation. Tumor cells that have been reconstituted with GPI-B7 can provide the costimulatory signal needed to stimulate T cells. These findings suggest an approach for the introduction of new proteins onto cell membranes to create an effective tumor vaccine for potential use in human immunotherapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • B7-1 Antigen / biosynthesis
  • B7-1 Antigen / isolation & purification
  • B7-1 Antigen / metabolism*
  • Base Sequence
  • CHO Cells
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / immunology
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Cricetinae
  • DNA Primers
  • Glycosylphosphatidylinositols / immunology
  • Glycosylphosphatidylinositols / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • Melanoma, Experimental
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Recombinant Proteins / analysis
  • Recombinant Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • B7-1 Antigen
  • DNA Primers
  • Glycosylphosphatidylinositols
  • Recombinant Proteins