Anatomy of the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia in relation to the calcaneus in various age groups

Foot Ankle Int. 1995 Jul;16(7):418-21. doi: 10.1177/107110079501600707.


Ten adult cadaver feet, three neonatal feet, and the feet of two fetuses were dissected to investigate whether an anatomical continuity exists between the fibers of the Achilles tendon and the plantar fascia. Histologic sections of the feet were done in three age groups: neonate, persons in their mid-20s, and the elderly. As the foot ages, there appears to be continued diminution of the number of fibers connecting the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia. The neonate has a thick continuation of fibers, while the middle-aged foot has only superficial periosteal fibers that continue from tendon to fascia. The elderly feet show simply an insertion of fibers of both structures into the calcaneus with periosteum in between.

MeSH terms

  • Achilles Tendon / anatomy & histology*
  • Achilles Tendon / embryology
  • Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aging / pathology*
  • Calcaneus / anatomy & histology*
  • Calcaneus / embryology
  • Collagen
  • Fascia / anatomy & histology*
  • Fascia / embryology
  • Foot / anatomy & histology*
  • Foot / embryology
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Middle Aged
  • Periosteum / anatomy & histology


  • Collagen